Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. During this time period, there were only two other technologies capable of providing water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel.Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems 8336398307034609015.jpg While these manholes were manufactured to make it easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to reach his water demands.

The Positive Benefits of installing a Water Feature in Your Living Space

The Positive Benefits of installing a Water Feature in Your Living Space The area outside your residence can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Positive Benefits installing Water Feature Living Space 15991198416.jpg Historical fountains and water features have sparked the notice of modern-day designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your interior decor bridges it to past times. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. For instance, irksome flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Putting in a wall fountain is your best solution for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain takes up too much space. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should hire a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Purify The Air?

Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Purify The Air?Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Purify Air? 11317767.jpg You can liven up your surroundings by adding an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. Water features in general produce negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions created by modern conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in greater mental and physical wellness. The higher serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general well-being for the better.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration.Effect Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 7868211568539.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently important stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The barren fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle is probably the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

The Wide Range of Exterior Fountains

The Wide Range of Exterior Fountains Turn your garden into what you have always wanted – an oasis of serenity. You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be observed when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. If your pond is significantly large, it can be incorporated without trouble. Parks and historical stately homes often have one these fountains.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Wall fountains are not flashy water features when compared with a spouting fountain. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious.Wide Range Exterior Fountains 568844002.jpg Just allow your creativity to run loose.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water moves down multiple levels. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary characteristic of a cascading fountain.

A considerable amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. Water then flows into a recipient or a shaped stone, only to repeat the cycle over and over again.

Another sort of fountain is made of glass. Providing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for yards with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. The flowing water produces a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass sheets. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it down down the sheet of glass. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has tubes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. The water returns gently dripping down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

Modern Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

Modern Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Water Fountains Beginnings 1828434822.jpg Modern Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Use a Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality An otherwise boring ambiance can be pepped up with an indoor wall fountain.Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this type of indoor feature in your house.... read more


Find Peace with Garden Water Features You can find harmony and tranquility by simply having water in your garden.The noise in your neighborhood and surrounding area will be masked with the soothing sounds of a fountain.... read more


Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, citizens who dwelled on hills had to travel even further down to gather their water from natural sources.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Wall fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a variety of materials, the majority are crafted from metal.Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget.... read more


The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Garden Fountains These days you can just place your garden water fountain near a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond.Moreover, it is no longer necessary to excavate, deal with a difficult installation process or clean the pond.... read more