Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If inhabitants living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing technologies of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had made to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

The Root of Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains

The Root of Modern Outdoor Wall FountainsRoot  Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains 4755148203950807.jpg Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek texts into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a desolate Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The present-day site of the Trevi Fountain was once occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and built by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

A Brief History of the Early Outdoor Water Features

A Brief History of the Early Outdoor Water Features Villages and communities relied on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby hills.Brief History Early Outdoor Water Features 23410523.jpg Fountains spanning history have been crafted as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. The original stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Wildlife, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the very early ornate Roman fountains, starting to show up in about 6 B.C.. Water for the public fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized water features. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a water feature designer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable throughout the roads of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately transferred to Rome to totally showcase their artwork, mainly in the form of public water features and water features.Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains 669955263847961.jpg The young Bernini received encouragement from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. His sculpture was initially his claim to celebrity. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he made use of a base of knowledge in the historical Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.
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