Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Roots

Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their RootsContemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains Roots 7408515564874618455.jpg A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers

Original Outside Water Fountain Designers 18346636.jpg The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. He carefully documented his ideas in his now recognized notebooks, after his enormous fascination in the forces of nature led him to investigate the qualities and motion of water. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and landscaping talent, early Italian water fountain designers transformed private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits loaded with symbolic meaning and natural elegance. The splendors in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subjects and classical technical texts, other fountain makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the numerous lands near Florence.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water ProblemsAcqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Problems 32713259757.jpg Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started out delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were originally built for the objective of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to satisfy his needs. To give himself with a more streamlined way to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece Up right up until the Archaic Greeks provided the first freestanding statuary, a noteworthy success, carvings had largely been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Regarded as by Greeks to embody beauty, the kouroi were formed into inflexible, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and fit.Statuary Staple Vintage Art Historic Greece 533465977757618814.jpg Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. A substantial time of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. Equivalent to other periods of historical unrest, arguments were common, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.
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