Bernini's Garden Fountains

Bernini's Garden Fountains There are countless popular water fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and constructed almost all of them. He was furthermore a urban designer, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional employee and received praise and patronage of important painters as well as popes. At the start he was celebrated for his sculptural skills. An expert in historical Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a base and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican.Bernini's  Garden Fountains 05883220065.jpg Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

What Are Garden Water fountains Made From?

What Are Garden Water fountains Made From?Garden Water fountains Made From? 299610416939.jpg Though they come in alternative materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic models offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget. It is essential that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

One of the more common metals for sculptural garden fountains these days is copper. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it perfect for inside and outside fountains. If you decide to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to modern.

Also popular, brass fountains often have a more old-fashioned appearance to them versus their copper counterpart. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite widespread because they often include interesting artwork.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is seen as the most contemporary-looking. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall mood. As with all fountains, you can find any size you need.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is relatively easy, another benefit that consumers seek.

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Forms and Sizes Convert your garden into what you have always wanted – a haven of peace. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

A eye-catching impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air.Outdoor  Water Features Come Many Forms Sizes 03297248324072304.jpg It is doable to have one of these fitted into an existent, ample pond. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Wall fountains are an excellent example of outdoor wall features. Even with a small yard, it is possible to put in one of these water features. While spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a beautifully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more contemporary garden can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and intrepid.

The primary trait of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the chief attribute of a cascading fountain.

A considerable amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this kind of water feature. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Another type of fountain is made of glass. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional feel. Water features of this type are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. As the water streams over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows down on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water gently cascading down its façade.

The attribute which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is employed to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. The water returns gently trickling down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Small gardens are ideal for this sort of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed varied kinds of channels.Historic Crete & Minoans: Outdoor Fountains 52744430490379519755.jpg These were used to furnish towns and cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and get rid of waste. Most were created from terracotta or stone. There were clay conduits, both circular and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same material. Amidst these were terracotta piping which were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan culture. Knossos Palace had an advanced plumbing system made of clay piping which ran up to three meters below ground. The terracotta water pipes were furthermore utilized for amassing and saving water. In order to make this achievable, the conduits had to be tailored to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature might suggest that it was originally planned for some sort of ritual or to circulate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the evidence, several scholars suggest that these pipes were not connected to the popular water delivery process, providing the residence with water from a distinctive source.

The Source of Modern Outdoor Garden Fountains

The Source of Modern Outdoor Garden FountainsSource Modern Outdoor Garden Fountains 1791711282663304.jpg Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of ancient documents from their original Greek into Latin. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was renovated starting in 1453. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was resurrected by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space formerly filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started out supplying the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had depended on natural springs up until then.Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems 55544678220400834.jpg Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations available at the time to supply water to areas of greater elevation. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was 1st created. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water specifications. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to suit his water wants.
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